The Sand Creek Massacre | Rebellion Records
Major Scott Anthony Report to General Curtis - Nov. 24, 1863
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"Rebellion Records"
The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol.
XXII, Part II, pp.571-72.  -  Excerpts relevant to the Sand Creek Massacre

One year before the Sand Creek Massacre, Major Scott Anthony, commanding Fort Lyon, sent the following report to
General Samuel Curtis, indicating a generally favorable relationship between the Army and Indian tribes in the area.

Anthony's report seemed to contradict the rumor of an alliance forming among Plains tribes for the purpose of waging war in the Kansas and Colorado
territories.  That rumor, first reported to Colorado Territorial Governor John Evans by Arapaho squaw man Robert North, prompted Evans to write a
series of letters to Washington officials urgently requesting more military troops for the protection of Denver City.  (
Read Evans wire to Commissioner
William P. Dole, regarding Robert North's allegation.)


Fort Lyon, Colo., September 24, 1863.
SIR: I have the honor to report to headquarters of the district my return from a trip down the Arkansas River. Have been as far as
Fort Larned. Visited the Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Caddo, and Arapaho Indians. The head chiefs of all these tribes requested,
as soon as they

Page 572 MO.,ARK.,KANS.,IND.T.,AND DEPT.N.W. Chapter XXXIV.

learned that a command of troops was on the road, that they might have a talk with the officer in command. I have talked with them
all, through the United States interpreter, J. S. Smith. They all express the utmost friendship for the whites; say they have been
offered the war-pipe by the Sioux of the Platte, and all refused to smoke, except the Northern Cheyennes. They say they are
aware that some of their young men have committed depredations upon the road, and, in order to prevent a repetition of these
officers, the Kiowas and Comanches will all leave the main traveled road; that they know they cannot live long while at war with the
whites; that they must depend upon the Government and the friendship of the whites in a great measure for their support,
especially the coming winter, as the buffalo have all left their accustomed ranges, owing to the unprecedented drought upon the
Arkansas, the river being perfectly dry for 400 miles. They have promised to hunt up the authors of the depredations which have
been committed, and to see that they are not repeated.

The Kiowa band, under La-tan-ka, one of the chiefs of the Kiowas, has done more damage than all the others, but he had left the
road before I came up. The Comanches, and particularly the Apaches, appear very loyal; they offered all their warriors to aid me
at the time they supposed the Texans were coming up, and went out as scouts to reconnoiter. They also went with me through
their herds to look for white men's stock; we recovered ten head of Government mules and three Government horses, which have
been turned over to assistant quartermaster at this post. I saw a good many head of Confederate States stock among the
Comanche and Apache tribes; they had stolen it from the borders of Texas. This accounts for their "great scare" when they
supposed the Texans were coming up from Red River.

The Arapahoes, to the number of 2,000, are moving up this way, under Little Raven, Left Hand, and Neeva. They expect to
receive their annuities at this post next week. The band of Arapahoes who committed the depredations at Maxwell's and in vicinity
of Colonel Boone's belong to the North Platte, and are now on the Smoky Hill. They are very destitute, and, from all reports, are
suffering terribly from disease and hunger. With the force now here and at Fort Larned, I do not think any trouble need be feared
from any band on the Arkansas. They were badly frightened when we went down. I could have wiped them all out with my force,
and probably should have commenced upon the Kiowas, after their robbery of the wagon-master of Honore's train, had it not been
for the interpreter, who explained the matter better than I could have understood it without his aid.

The Caddo Indians, numbering about 500, will arrive here in about ten days, and will go into a permanent settlement about 20
miles above the post. They suffered terribly from the hands of the rebels in Texas last winter. They have adopted many of the
customs of the whites, and are well behaved.

Lieutenant [John A.] Edington, with his command, will reach here by the 30th instant, leaving the road almost clear of Indians
except the Arapahoes in the immediate vicinity of the post and the Caddoes above.

The Indians are all very destitute this season, and the Government will be compelled to subsist them to a great extent, or allow
them to starve to death, which would probably be much the easiest way of disposing of them.
I am, sir, with much respect, your obedient servant,


Major, Commanding Post.
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